Commercial Farmers Union of Zimbabwe

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Ratepayers Accuse Power Utility of Corruption

Residents in Zimbabwe's capital, Harare, claim employers and officials from the country's power utility are targeting bill defaulters, seeking backhand payments to bypass disconnections.

In a new report the Harare Residents Trust says it has received numerous complaints from residents saying ZESA employees were threatening and abusing them and asking for bribes to by-pass disconnections for customers who are failing to cope with huge bills.

Read more: Ratepayers Accuse Power Utility of Corruption

Chinese firm fails environment assessment

Chinese firm fails environment assessment

Friday, 15 June 2012 11:55

BULAWAYO — Plans by Africa Sunlight Energy to commercially exploit methane 
gas in Matabeleland North have suffered a major blow after the Chinese firm 
failed an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA).
The company has since been ordered to halt operations, dashing hopes for 
alternative power generation in the region.
Africa Sunlight Energy was in the middle of exploring coal and coal-bed 
methane in Gwayi with a view to establish a power station.
But the Environmental Management Agency (EMA) is of the view that its report 
was not convincing.
EMA spokesperson, Steady Kangaka told The Financial Gazette that the agency, 
as the custodian of the environment, would not give a go ahead to projects 
that might harm the ecosystem.
“The development we want is a sustainable one which will remain long after 
we have departed from this planet. It must be economically, socially and 
environmentally friendly. If one of those parameters is missing then as EMA 
we cannot give a go ahead,” said Kangaka.
“It has to be done in a proper manner. In this instance, the company wants 
to mine near a conservancy area therefore we have to be absolutely sure that 
it will not interrupt with water supply and wildlife,” he added.
The Gwayi Valley Intensive Conservation Area had also complained about the 
growing number of coal mining companies operating in the conservancy fearing 
their operations would destroy the hunting and photographic safaris, which 
are their major source of revenue in the wildlife-rich area.
During a consultative stakeholders meeting last month, it emerged that 
open cast coal-mining activities have affected 32 farms in the conservancy 
where more than 1 000 people reside.
Of late, several companies have been given rights to start mining and 
exploration activities in the coal-rich region, with the latest being 
Discovery Investments Company, which was given the green light to conduct 
coal bed methane gas exploration in Mzola and Dandanda communal lands in 
Lupane and Binga districts; Markrock Exploration and Mining Company for coal 
exploration in the Gwayi area of Lupane as well as Glotech Engineering for 
a Spiral Plant at Hwange Colliery.
Recently, the Minister of Mines and Mining Development Obert Mpofu announced 
that more companies were keen on investing in mining activities in 
Matabeleland North and took a swipe at the Gwayi Catchment Council 
stakeholders for trying to block the new investments, which he said will go 
a long way in uplifting the livelihoods of ordinary people.
Economic commentator, Eric Bloch, said it will take time before the methane 
gas is fully exploited to provide alternative power for the whole 
country. — Own Correspondent.

ZESA Lost Money to RBZ - Comptroller and Auditor General

ZESA Lost Money to RBZ - Comptroller and Auditor General

10 hours 27 minutes ago
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HARARE - June 16, 2012 – Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority (ZESA) has 
lost slightly over US$1million from its tobacco farming activities after the 
funds were forfeited by the Reserve bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ), the Comptroller 
and Auditor General Mildred Chiri has said in her latest report.

The top government auditor also revealed that ZESA risks losing nearly 
US$5million held by banks in South Africa and China.

“I noted that there were tobacco sales to Zimbabwe Leaf Tobacco amounting to 
US$1 299 412, 40 that have not been recovered for a period of over two 
years. ZLT instructed RBZ to make a transfer of the funds to ZESA 
enterprises. However, the RBZ took the funds citing that ZESA holdings has a 
debt owing to RBZ which RBZ decided to set off. ZESA enterprises was still 
reflecting this trade debtor in their accounts as owing,” said Chiri.

“Recommendation- the debt should be transferred to ZESA holdings upon 
reaching mutual consensus or provide for the debt in full. Concerted effort 
should be made to resolve this issue.”

The report added that ZESA was losing revenue due to non billing of 
customers as most farmers were not being due to their hostility to meter 
readers. It added that ZESA officials sent to disconnect defaulters were 
sometimes bribed.

It said US$4; 2 million was held with South Africa’s FNB bank and US$33 000 
by Escrow bank of China and no follow ups have been made on the money for 

“No reconciliations were prepared for the accounts as no statements were 
received. In the prior year no reconciliations were prepared due to the same 
reason. Thus there has been no correspondence with the banks for the past 
three years,” Chiri said in her report.

ZESA slammed for sticking with estimated bills

ZESA slammed for sticking with estimated bills

By Alex Bell
15 June 2012

Zimbabwe’s Electricity Supply Authority (ZESA) has been slammed for 
continuing to issue estimated bills to power users across the country, 
despite the unreliable service provided.

ZESA’s Chief Executive, Josh Chifamba, said this week that the power utility 
does not have the money to pay for meter readers. He told the parliamentary 
portfolio committee on state enterprises and parastatals that they have no 
choice but to keep asking for payment based on estimates, because meter 
readers would mean raising rates.

A report from that same committee has revealed that there was no correlation 
between the ZESA charges and services rendered, with some users being 
charged, despite not using power.

“For example, one lady in Cowdray Park, Bulawayo, during one of the meetings 
stated that while she was away in South Africa for three months after having 
settled her bills and locked the house, upon return she found a US$500 bill 
awaiting her despite the house being uninhabited. The lady informed the 
committee that efforts to get ZESA to rectify that had not yielded any 
results,” the report said.

The report also said that many consumers, who had gone for days without 
electricity due to faults in the ZESA system, still received high bills 
every month.

Simbarashe Moyo from the Combined Harare Residents Association (CHRA) 
slammed ZESA for what he called their “incompetence and insincerity.” He 
told SW Radio Africa that ZESA bills do not tally with the service being 
provided, and often “there is no service to speak of.”

“This is a parastatal that clearly does not care at all about the plight of 
residents. Most people don’t have jobs, they can’t afford the bills, but if 
they don’t pay they get cut off,” Moyo said.

The CHRA official said that privatisation of the electricity authority 
should be seriously considered, because the entire country was being 
affected by ZESA’s mismanagement.

“Parastatals like ZESA are not doing well because they are run on the basis 
of government nepotism. So it would be good to privatise because once you 
invite competition, you’ll have better service. And all Zimbabweans want is 
proper service,” Moyo said.

ZESA was earlier this year forced into defending itself after it was 
revealed that top level government officials were defaulting on their bills, 
but still receiving service. This included the Mugabe family, who owed more 
than US$300,000 to the utility.

These revelations came as ZESA recommitted itself to cutting off all bill 
defaulters. But to date only general members of the public have been 
punished in this way.

Plans to expand Kariba power plant hit snag

Plans to expand Kariba power plant hit snag

Monday, 11 June 2012 12:15

PLANS by Zimbabwe to add two more generators to Kariba South have all but 
hit a brick wall, with the authority responsible for Kariba Dam saying the 
project was not feasible.

Zimbabwe, which shares the Kariba dam with Zambia, was hoping that the new 
generators would help ease power shortages and load-shedding, which are 
common in the country.

“We have looked at the feasibility of the project and there is not enough 
water to run continuous power generation, unless they propose to do so 
during the rainy season peak periods,” Wilson Sakala, the Zambezi River 
Authority senior manager for Water Resources and Environmental Management 

“We fear that if it is continuously run, there won’t be enough water in the 
dam. However, when it’s not during the rainy season, the two units can run 
but only for shorter periods and that means when the dam is full to 
capacity, we no longer have to open the floodgates.”

But the Zimbabwe Power Company (ZPC) insisted that it would go ahead with 
the project, as it was looking to expanding Kariba South to increase 
generational capacity.

“It has not been communicated to us that there are problems with our 
expansion project. In fact we have been advised that the water levels are 
always high in the Kariba Dam.

“Early this year, during a tour of the dam by Sadc, we were apprised on the 
advantages of adding two more units,” Fadzai Chisveto, ZPC spokesperson 
However, the Zambezi Watercourse Commission (Zamcom), which administers the 
Zambezi River on behalf of the eight countries that are on the basin, says 
Zimbabwe’s only chance of increasing power generation is based on its 
ability to look for foreign investors.

“If Zimbabwe cannot buy enough power from the existing Sadc power pool, the 
only solution is for the country to open doors to partners that can fund its 
power projects,” Michael Mutale, Zamcom executive secretary said.

Countries on a cross-border water course like the Zambezi are supposed to 
inform each other of any projects that they are working on the river, so 
that it does not affect other nations who are either up or downstream.

There are eight countries on the Zambezi watercourse and these have to okay 
Zimbabwe’s plans on power generation, which also have to be approved by the 
ZRA, which administers the Kariba Dam on behalf of Zimbabwe and Zambia.

Countries on the Zambezi watercourse are Botswana, Angola, Zambia, Malawi 
Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania and Zimbabwe.

Sadc hopes for speedy resolution

Sadc hopes that the issue of adding more generators at Kariba power plant 
may be resolved accordingly. Phera Ramoeli, Sadc senior programme officer 
for water, said despite technical obstacles to Zimbabwe’s installing 
additional generating capacity at Kariba South, he expected a solution would 
be found.

“I am sure these are only technical issues but Zambia and Zimbabwe will iron 
out these between themselves and find a win-win solution since ZRA is a body 
that works in the best interests of the two,” he said.

Zesa employees cash in on defaulting residents

Zesa employees cash in on defaulting residents

Monday, 11 June 2012 14:54

HARARE — Some Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority (Zesa) employees are 
cashing in on desperate Glen Norah residents, charging them an average of 
US$30 per household to avoid power disconnection, a residents’ rights 
organisation has said.

The Harare Residents’ Trust (HRT) last week said some Zesa employees were 
demanding payment to stop disconnecting defaulting residents’ power. 
“Residents in the area have resorted to bribing Zesa employees around US$30 
to avoid disconnection of electricity. Several residents have done this in 
the community and continue to fall prey to the Zesa employees,” said the 

The residents, said HRT, also complained that most of their electricity 
bills were not a true reflection of consumption at household levels, as they 
were based on estimates. They also complained about faulty billing and 
excessive load-shedding in the suburb.

The residents also said Zesa officials were very uncooperative and hostile 
whenever they attempted to seek detailed explanations on their accounts. 
Zesa spokesperson, Fullard Gwasira, professed ignorance that some Zesa 
employees were getting paid by defaulting residents to avoid disconnections. 
He urged residents to pay the bills at banking halls and not to individuals.

“Whoever is paying that US$30 is being cheated and they are doing themselves 
a disservice because their bills remain the same and even increase the 
following month,” said Gwasira.

“One is better off paying that US$30 to Zesa and having their bill lowered 
by the same amount and not giving it to someone for temporary relief, but 
still risk disconnection.”  He urged the public to report such people to 

ZESA to continue with disconnections: Gwasira

Gwasira however said the disconnections to defaulting residents in Glen View 
and other areas would continue.  “It is not like we have a special operation 
against residents in that area,” he said.

“This is just a routine operation,” said Gwasira. “We read meters, send 
bills and expect payment, but some residents do not pay, prompting us to 
send reminders in the form of a second bill. We are open to those who want 
to negotiate payment plans but some ignore us, leaving us with no option but 
to disconnect, which is the last resort.”

Gwasira said Zesa reads 80% of meters every month and starts with the other 
20 the following month. He said rate payers should know that there is a 
direct relationship between payments and the quality of service delivered.

“The better payment we receive, the better the service we deliver because we 
use the money to improve our services,” he said.

Zim-Zambia partnership could ease ZESA woes

Zim-Zambia partnership could ease ZESA woes

Zimbabwe’s power supply is hoped to improve following a partnership the 
country entered into with Zambia to develop the electricity generation 
capacity of the Batoka gorge.
by Sofia Mapuranga

The project, already captured in the Southern African Development Community 
(Sadc) Infrastructure Investment prospectus, will see the country exploring 
means to develop the Batoka gorge for the production of energy.

The project involves the construction of a dam and a hydro power plant on 
the Zambezi River.

The potential capacity of the site is 1 600 MW to be shared equally between 
Zambia and Zimbabwe Addressing delegates on Tuesday at the official opening 
of the fifth River Basins Organisations workshop being held in Harare under 
the theme “Monitoring the implementation of the Sadc Protocol on shared 
watercourses”, the Minister of Water Resources Management, Sam Sipepa Nkomo 
said there was need for a systematic and consistent implementation of the 

“It is in this light that in partnership with the Republic of Zambia, we are 
exploring means to develop the Batoka gorge. Water plays a major role in 
energy production in Zimbabwe,” said Nkomo.

“In SADC, we have the necessary instruments and institutions to foster 
integrated water resources management at the river basin level,” he added.

Nkomo said the speedy implementation of the agreed action points was 
critical because water remained a critical component of the development 
agenda in the region.

“The onus is on water authorities to ensure that the water sector is managed 
efficiently and in line with international best practices,” he said.

Zimbabwe has over the years suffered poor power supplies because of limited 
local generation capacity, lack of funds to import adequate electricity and 
a scaling down of provisions from the region.

He said the establishment of sufficient institutional development for 
trans-boundary waters had the capacity to enhance cooperation between 
countries and could boost regional socio-economic development and 

“Trans-boundary waters can make a contribution towards regional peace if the 
institutional capacity exists to manage them cooperatively for the benefit 
of all basin states,” he said.

The Sadc Director of Infrastructure and Services, Remigious Makumbe, said 
water was a key pillar of the economy, adding that there was need to scale 
up its availability to ensure food security in the region.

“Water is the engine for economic growth and many of our member states 
continue to face the challenge of access to water supply and sanitation,” he 

He added: “It is important for SADC countries to build strategic water 
infrastructure that will increase land under irrigation to ensure the 
availability of water and guarantee food security in the region.”

The fifth RBOs workshop aims to build a consensus on Sadc strategies to 
support the efforts of member states in the establishment of institutional 

It is also seeking to strengthen and develop RBOs and other joint 
trans-boundary water resources management mechanisms in the region.

ZESA Angers Glen Norah Residents

ZESA Angers Glen Norah Residents

HRT Membership Desk

4 June 2012, Glen Norah – ZESA has adopted punitive measures to defaulting 
residents here who have not been paying their electricity bills consistently 
by embarking in wide spread electricity disconnections. Residents in the 
area have various reasons why they have not been settling their monthly 
electricity bills.  Residents feel that electricity bills are based on 
estimates and are not a true reflection of the consumption at household 
level, load shedding and faulty billing. This has frustrated some 
breadwinners in the community who earn way below the poverty datum line. 
This has left them with what they said “no reason to pay electricity bills”. 
This contradicts the HRT policy which advocates for shared responsibility 
between residents and service providers in service delivery. From the HRT’s 
perspective, residents should exhibit their responsibility in service 
delivery mainly by paying bills for services rendered.  However, rates 
should be affordable for the good of the greater public.

Having received the reports of massive power disconnections from the Glen 
Norah B’ Residents’ Committee (GRC), that is responsible for monitoring and 
evaluating community service delivery by service providers, the HRT 
facilitated a mobile case work clinic in the area. From the interviews held 
by the HRT Membership Officer, Simbarashe Majamanda, HRT Community 
Coordinator Ms Abigail Itayi and the HRT Programs Intern, Mr Marshall 
Masiyazi from the Midlands State University on Tuesday 29 May 2012 in Glen 
Norah B Community, the dire economic situation of the country has affected 
the capacity of residents to pay electricity bills.  Most residents 
appreciated that they have an obligation to pay for their electricity but 
they have failed due to their socio-economic status. Eighty-nine (89) 
reports from 53 women and 36 men were received and documented by the HRT 
team within three hours at one of the households in the community.

The local Member of Parliament Honourable Gift Dzirutwe is seriously 
concerned with the situation. He has helped the residents to deal with the 
situation through sharing information and providing transport to the ZESA 
offices in the city centre.

The following key issues came from the interviews:

Economic problems: Elderly men and women interviewed aged between 59 and 
75 said they lack a source of income which has affected their capacity to 
settle their electricity bills.  Elderly women said that most of them are 
widowed and they rely mostly on vending activities which does not give them 
much money for survival. As vendors they also face challenges from the 
Zimbabwe Republic Police and Municipal Police who conduct raids in the name 
of illegal vending activities. This clearly shows that they also lack access 
to designated vending points or that they do not afford them if they are 

Faulty billing: Residents said that even if they make payments to ZESA, 
the debt continues to sky rocket. “It appears making a payment is an 
indication that you have a bit of money that ZESA can suck from you” said 
one elderly man  aged  85 who showed that he does not have any hope to clear 
his debt which currently stands at $954.21 Account Number 283786651. The man 
went on to say that he was prepared to pay $45.00 per month for electricity.

Growing insecurity: There is a feeling that residents may lose their 
properties just as what happened to three households in Mabvuku after debt 
collectors confiscated their properties due to outstanding water rates in 
February 2012. Elderly women said that the high debts have caused insecurity 
to their children who are the heirs to their properties which they have also 
not fully acquired from council under the “rent to buy program”.

Unprofessional conduct by ZESA employees: Some of the interviewees 
revealed that ZESA officials are very uncooperative and hostile whenever 
they attempt seeking detailed explanations on their accounts. Residents in 
the area have resorted to bribing ZESA employees around $30.00 to avoid 
disconnection of electricity. Several residents have done this in the 
community and continue to fall prey to the ZESA employees.

Transition to multicurrency system: Although the ZESA Public Relations 
Officer, Mr Fullard Gwasira reported to HRT Communications Officer, Mr 
Shingayi Jena that ZESA indicated that ZESA scrapped off debts from 
residents accounts following the transition from the Zimbabwe dollar era to 
the multi-currency regime in February 2009, residents in the area are of the 
view that the transition was ill- managed and lacked transparency. From the 
residents’ viewpoint, the debts have accumulated largely due to estimated 
billing, the manipulated transition from the local currency to the 
multi-currency system, and the interest charged on overdue accounts.

Current situation: HRT offices are overwhelmed by residents who have ZESA 
complaints and they require ZESA’s assistance. The HRT Membership Desk is 
receiving reports of unprofessional conduct by the Harare ZESA Sales 
Managers specifically the ZESA Sales Manager who are telling referred 
clients that they are not prepared to read HRT referral letters in which the 
HRT writes to seek their intervention on individual cases. ZESA is saying 
that residents whose electricity was disconnected are supposed to settle 
their bills in full.  According to one female client this morning, the ZESA 
sales manager told her that he was not going to read her letter. She 
mentioned that she is prepared to pay $50.00 per month.  She was advised 
that she could pay the $50.00 per month until her debt is cleared then her 
electricity would be reconnected.  Last week, some clients were assisted by 
the Sales Manager but it was upon payment of 25% of the debt which was 
reduced to the previous 50% requirement. There is growing tension between 
ZESA and the residents of Glen Norah. Some residents have resorted to 
reconnecting power illegally which is contrary to the HRT policy.  They have 
and are also using the few dollars they had reserved to paying their 
electricity for other pressing needs at household level.

If the situation continues, ZESA employees face the risk of experiencing a 
backlash from disgruntled residents. It is up to ZESA to treat residents 
with respect or regret their uncalled for actions. It is time to change the 
approach or be forced to change the approach! The choice is for ZESA to 

This will not benefit ZESA or the resident. We need to be realistic to 
address residents’ needs as well as the capacity needs of ZESA as the 
service provider.

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ZESA seals US$230m India deal

ZESA seals US$230m India deal

05/06/2012 00:00:00
by Bloomberg

THE Zimbabwe Power Company has signed a $230 million memorandum of 
understanding with India’s Wapcos Ltd to overhaul the country’s three 
thermal stations.

The plants covered are Bulawayo, Hwange and Munyati, Zimbabwe Power, the 
power generating unit of Zesa Holdings (Pvt) Ltd., said in a newsletter 
published Tuesday.

The memorandum also includes a feasibility study for the Gairezi hydro-power 
station and upgrading the Deka pumping station for Hwange Power Station, 
Zesa said.
It didn’t say when the agreement was signed.
The power utility is struggling to meet national demand with supplies being 
rationed to both commercial and domestic users.

Zesa currently generates about 1,116 megawatts of electricity today against 
a national demand of between 1,900 to 2,200 megawatts and tries to plug the 
gap with imports from regional suppliers.

Govt to restructure energy sector

Govt to restructure energy sector

Written by Taurai Mangudhla, Business Writer
Monday, 04 June 2012 14:40

HARARE - Zimbabwe plans to restructure its energy sector and make way for 
independent power distribution firms, Zesa Holdings (Zesa) chief executive 
Josh Chifamba said.

He told a Thursday Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries Annual General 
Meeting, the move was in line with government’s plans to improve utility 
services while establishing an independent power regulator.

“There is a lot of progress on that and I wouldn’t want to pre-empt it (but) 
there is a whole white paper on that and the minister is supposed to present 
it to cabinet,” Chifamba said without giving specifics of the proposed new 

The energy sector is currently regulated by Zimbabwe Energy Regulatory 

The Zesa chief’s remarks came after Francis Masawi, an engineer and regional 
independent energy consultant, argued there was an  imminent need to 
restructure the country’s power sector.

He said the current single buyer model-only by Zimbabwe Electricity 
Transmission and Distribution Company (ZETDC)-was an impediment to 
investment in the energy sector.

“Imagine you have a private production company and you want to sell to a 
sole buyer that is owed $500 million by their                 consumers, how 
are they likely to pay,” Masawi said.

“That thing (the single buyer model) must be done away with; it doesn’t 
exist in the Act. It was only transitional.”

Masawi said Zesa should assume a role of shareholder only.

He said competition should be introduced in the supply side of electricity 
just as it is required in the petroleum sector.

“Whatever the reason, the current structure has failed to resuscitate the 
energy sector.”

Zimbabwe currently has         capacity to generate about 1 200 MW of 
electricity, mainly from Kariba Hydro Power Station and Hwange Power Station 
(HPS) compared to a rising national demand of around 2 200MW.

The country’s generation capacity is now half of what it used to be in 1980 
when the economy and population was smaller.

New projects that are meant to improve the current deficit position could 
take longer to commence   after potential takers for the  country’s HPS 
rehabilitation project asked for a one month extension on the June 5, 
tendering deadline.

Chifamba said this would delay adjudication of tender to restore HPS unit 
seven and eight to end of July.

“If we get to a financial close by the end of the year then by early 2016 
there should be something coming out of the two projects,” he said, adding 
his organisation was aware of the anxiety among Zimbabweans for an immediate 
power solution. Zesa, Chifamba said, was not spared by the country’s 
decade-long economic stagnation and needs a lot of investment.

“The state of the equipment at all levels is appalling and dangerous.

That explains the number of accidents we are having now.”

In February government announced plans to unbundle the Zimbabwe Electricity 
Transmission and Distribution Company (ZETDC) into two separate entities to 
improve operating efficiency.

ZETDC is responsible generating, transmitting and distributing power and was 
formed in 2002 after government unbundled ZETDC into different companies 
under Zesa.

The Electricity Act ushered in the formation of five successor companies, 
the Zimbabwe Power Company (ZPC), Zimbabwe Electricity Transmission Company 
(Zetco), Zimbabwe Electricity Distribution Company (ZEDC), Zesa Enterprises 
and Powertel Communications.

ZEDC’s business is the distribution and retail of electricity to the final 
end user.

In line with the approved structure, all power generation assets and 
operations are under ZPC.

Zesa Enterprises, another subsidiary of Zesa Holdings comprises of four 
business units namely Zesa Technology Centre, Production and Services, 
Transport Logistics and Projects.

It is a flexible investment arm for Zesa Holdings that has a diversified 
business portfolio.

‘Zesa abandons load shedding schedule’

‘Zesa abandons load shedding schedule’

Saturday, 02 June 2012 18:09

POWER supply remains erratic in most parts of Harare with the Zimbabwe 
Electricity Supply Authority (Zesa) failing to stick to a load shedding 
schedule it published in the media recently, seriously affecting many 
business operations.
Despite the long hours of power cuts, residents complain of exorbitant bills 
at the end of every month. The cost of electricity is affecting thousands of 
households as they have to buy paraffin and firewood at a higher cost, yet 
still have to settle their bills.
Community coordinator, Ronia Gwaze, said that residents of Vainona and 
Hatcliffe suburbs had electricity cut off recently due to unpaid electricity 
bills. Abrupt power outages have resulted in electrical gadgets being 
damaged. In Vainona, a house at 14114 Tern Avenue was gutted by fire caused 
by a burst paraffin stove during one of the numerous power outages. Some 
residents have resorted to using generators or solar lights because of the 
constant power cuts.

Water Supplies
Water supplies in Waterfalls remain poor with most areas going without the 
commodity for several days. During the past week, several residents had 
their water disconnected by the City of Harare yet supplies are erratic. The 
water bills are so high that most residents feel they are unjustified. 
Residents in Glen View are receiving water three times a week. Given this 
situation, residents have to queue at the few boreholes sunk by humanitarian 
Women and school-going children wake up very early to line up for water and 
at times are bullied at the boreholes. Some residents in areas without the 
boreholes have dug shallow wells which are unprotected, raising fears of 
disease outbreaks.

Health and Environment
Refuse is not being collected in Mbare National and Mbare Musika. The same 
situation prevails in Waterfalls at shopping centres such as Park Town and 
Zindoga business centre. Residents of Hatcliffe Extension have resorted to 
burying or burning rubbish in pits.
This is quite the opposite of what is happening in Hatcliffe 1, where there 
is frequent refuse collection. Refuse is supposed to be collected every 
Saturday in Glen View but they hardly come. This has led to residents 
throwing rubbish everywhere in the area, along the roads and on street 
Residents in most parts of Harare pay for their plumbing services if they 
experience blocked sewer pipes on their premises. This is despite that 
council plumbers are supposed to provide that service to the residents. — By 
Harare Residents Trust (HRT)

17 hours of load-shedding in Zim

17 hours of load-shedding in Zim

Eyewitness News |                         Today, 

JOHANNESBURG - Reports from Zimbabwe say Harare residents face a miserable 
weekend without water, power, and in some cases, beer too.

Some suburbs are now going for 17 hours without power per day, just as the 
cold weather is kicking in.The state-run ZESA power company recently 
introduced massive load-shedding.Employers are now allowed to dock money 
from their employees' salaries, to make up for non-productive hours.Water 
supply is erratic still, with Harare's eastern suburbs reported to be 
affected the worst.

And now, beer shortages have kicked in.  Street vendors are cashing in 
by buying all scarce stock available, so they can push up the price on the 
black market.

Winter Load Shedding Programme

Please click here to open this document

Mozambique Threatens Power Cuts To Zimbabwe

Mozambique Threatens Power Cuts To Zimbabwe

HARARE, May 16 (Bernama) -  Mozambique's Cabora Bassa Hydro Electricity 
Company is threatening to further reduce or suspend power exports to 
Zimbabwe over ZESA Holdings' huge debt, a senior government official said 

Zimbabwe Deputy Minister of Energy and Power Development, Hubert Nyanhongo 
told New Ziana news agency that Zesa Holdings owes the Mozambican utility 
US$80 million and is servicing its debt too slowly.

However, he said Zimbabwe is committed to repaying its debt in spite of 
financial challenges facing ZESA Holdings.

Cabora Bassa has in the past reduced power supplies to Zimbabwe over the 
huge debt.

ZESA imports power from neighbouring countries to bridge a shortfall in 
domestic generation and with the onset of the winter season, the country's 
power deficit has slightly increased as power demand rises.

Nyanhongo said in most cases, only three out of the six power generating 
units at Hwange were functional.

The power utility is currently seeking a partner to build two new generation 
units at Hwange.

Zimbabwe braces for daily 9-hour power outages amid winter weather

Zimbabwe braces for daily 9-hour power outages amid winter weather

By Associated Press, Published: May 13

HARARE, Zimbabwe — Zimbabwe’s state power company says it is implementing 
power cuts of at least nine hours a day as the winter season begins in the 
southern African nation.

The Zimbabwe Electricity Company says the outages, known as load shedding, 
will affect homes, businesses and industries across the nation. Only major 
hospitals and strategic facilities will be excluded.

In a statement Sunday, the company said during colder months it can only 
supply half the national demand for power. Demand peaks in winter.

It blamed breakdowns, aging equipment and financial problems that prevent 
them from importing power from the region.

In years of economic meltdown, Zimbabwe suffered regular poorly managed 
power outages of up to 20 hours a day while some areas escaped cuts because 
of inefficiency. The state weather office has forecast near freezing lows in 
coming weeks.

Continuing power shortages cripple Zimbabwe economy

Continuing power shortages cripple Zimbabwe economy


HARARE (Xinhua) -- Power outages have been on the increase of late and 
continue to cripple Zimbabwe ’s economy as the country’s debt-laden power 
utility fails to adequately supply electricity to industry, commerce and 

With the winter season fast approaching with its usual higher demand for 
power than the other seasons, ZESA Holdings’ position is far from being 

Apart from heating requirements by consumers to beat the cold, hundreds of 
farmers also need electricity to irrigate winter wheat and keep other 
operations on their farms running.

Agriculture, Mechanization and Irrigation Development Minister Joseph Made 
last week bemoaned the power shortages which he said would seriously affect 
the revival of the agricultural sector and downstream industries.

“Can you imagine a seed company using generators to dry seed and still 
expect to remain in business or sell the product at profitable prices?”

Made told The Herald that he was disappointed to note that some seed houses 
were actually using generators to dry the seed because of the power cuts.

ZESA now risks the danger of being accused of derailing the winter wheat 
season, even in cases where farmers fail to plant for other reasons.

Even though Made has expressed his disappointment over the power cuts, 
Finance Minister Tendai Biti has already said that the power deficit would 
persist for the foreseeable future - notwithstanding the on-going 
rehabilitation program at power stations.

While billions of U.S. dollars are required to fully refurbish and upgrade 
current power stations, the government only availed 40 million dollars for 
energy programs in 2011, with an average generation of 1,105 megawatts (MW) 
realized against an envisaged capacity of 1,600.

An increased output of 1,244 is now envisaged for 2012, compared to demand 
of 2,200 MW required to fire all the sectors of the economy.

Under the 2012 budget, Biti allocated nearly 55 million dollars towards the 
rehabilitation of Hwange and Kariba power stations and the transmission and 
distribution network.

An injection of 1 billion dollars for the construction of new generation 
plants at Hwange Thermal Power Station and another 400 million dollars to 
expand Kariba South (Hydro) will create an additional 900 MW and satisfy the 
country’s short term needs, but the government does not have such a huge 

Limited finances have also hampered the utility’s ability to import from 
neighboring utilities such as Mozambique ’s Hydroelectrica de Cahora Bassa, 
to which it is battling to clear an 80 million dollars debt.

At midday, the utility was producing a total of 1,087 MW with Hwange Thermal 
Power Station, which has a potential of 920 MW, producing 392 MW while 
Kariba hydro was producing 615 MW from a potential of about 740 MW.

The load shedding status was at the highest level of severe. The utility has 
five statuses—minimal, light, moderate, heavy and severe.

Zimbabwe recently signed a memorandum of understanding with Zambia to 
jointly construct the 4-billion-dollar 1,650 MW at Batoka Hydro-power 
project on the Zambezi River .

However, work on the project will only begin after Zimbabwe pays, or makes a 
strong commitment to pay off more than 70 million dollars it owes Zambia 
from the sale of the Central African Power Corporation assets which had been 
jointly owned by the two countries. The debt is supposed to be paid off in 
three years.

Generally, Zimbabwe has been engaged primarily in rehabilitating 
infrastructure as opposed to construction of new power stations.

More efficient use of power through the replacement of incandescent bulbs 
with energy savers, installation of pre-paid meters, among others, will also 
result in a saving of 300 MW which can be channeled to the productive 

The government has already removed duty on the importation of energy saving 
bulbs to promote their usage.

Why we’re stuck in the dark

Why we’re stuck in the dark

Don’t know about you but 16 hour long power cuts are starting to get me 
down. This update from the Zimbabwe Power Company helps to explain the 
current spate of bad power:

It is with regret that I advise of the fact that we (Zimbabwe Power 
Company) lost the four producing units at Hwange Power Station yesterday 
afternoon (Wednesday 25th April). One unit was brought back onto the grid 
last night and we hope to bring a second, larger unit, back around 4am 
tomorrow (Friday 26th April). Repair on the third unit is scheduled for 
completion such that it will be ‘returned to service’ on Saturday morning. 
Two phase one (smaller) units are having their rotors re-wired in South 
Africa – this is major work.

Kariba has five units on line with the sixth due back on the grid in 
mid-May after routine, but critical, maintenance ahead of winter.

The Hwange and Kariba expansion plans remain on program at this time. 
The tenders are out and close in June. this will be followed by 2 three 
month periods for tender review and finalisation of funding/award. 
Thereafter construction will take between three to four years (2016-17).

R. Maasdorp
Chairman ZPC

This entry was posted on April 27th, 2012 at 12:41 pm by Amanda Atwood

‘Huge Fault’ at Hwange Plant leaves Harare without power

‘Huge Fault’ at Hwange Plant leaves Harare without power

By Tererai Karimakwenda
27 April 2012

A technical fault is said to be the cause of a power cut that left Harare 
without power since very early Thursday morning. The state-owned Zimbabwe 
Electricity Supply Authority (ZESA) blamed a “huge fault” at the Hwange 
thermal power plant for the problem, which forced many businesses to stop 
operations and others to shut down.

ZESA is functioning with old equipment that has not been well maintained or 
properly serviced since independence in 1980. Mismanagement and corruption, 
which have destroyed other parastatals, are also contributing to the utility 
company’s ongoing crisis. Many areas of the country go without power 
regularly and power cuts have become a way of life.
ZESA is also owed millions of dollars by top government officials who have 
received power for years without making payments. SW Radio Africa reported 
earlier this month that the national power utility is under increasing 
pressure to switch off these officials, with the first family being among 
the worst offenders.

The Mugabe family reportedly owe ZESA more than US$300,000 as of December 
2011. Despite this, ZESA has been cutting off power for the ordinary 
citizens who are struggling to pay much less. Energy and Power Development 
Minister Elton Mangoma has said ZESA is owed more than $140 million by 

Human rights activist Tariro Manhendere told SW Radio Africa that although 
some parts of the capital got power back Friday afternoon, many others, like 
Kuwadzana and Dzivarasekwa, still had none. She said these areas experience 
power cuts more frequently and for longer periods than the Central Business 

Asked how bad this week has been in terms of power cuts, Manhendere said: 
“It’s quite this frustrating. You can’t plan anything, especially those that 
are in home industries who have no choice.”

The frustrated activist said vendors who sell products that need 
refrigeration, like meat, lose money when their products go bad but out of 
desperation sometimes still try to sell them.

More repairs to the aging equipment at Hwange Power Station were expected 
over the weekend and reports quoted ZESA spokesman Fullard Gwasira as 
saying: “Technicians and engineers are working flat out to fix the problem.

Zimbabwe's Power Outages to Worsen as Gov't Negotiates With Mozambique

Zimbabwe's Power Outages to Worsen as Gov't Negotiates With Mozambique

02 April 2012

ZESA is owed more that $550 million by customers and Mangoma said 
disconnections of defaulters over the next few days will help raise the 
money needed to reduce the debt with Mozambique

Jonga Kandemiiri | Washington

Zimbabwe's Energy Minister Elton Mangoma says the country's power utility, 
ZESA, needs to raise $40 million by the end of the month to reduce its $80 
million debt with Mozambique’s Hydro Cahora Bassa, which last month reduced 
power supplies to Harare citing non-payment.

Mangoma said intensified disconnections of defaulters would help raise the 
money. He said the country's power supply situation could worsen over the 
Easter break if ZESA fails to raise the funds by Friday.

The minister, who held meetings in Maputo last week with his Mozambican 
counterpart and the country's energy officials, told the VOA that Cahora 
Bassa wants Harare to pay at least $40 million dollars before it can up 
power supplies to Harare.

“They agreed to increase power supply once we have made our payment," said 
Mangoma. "They expecting us to bring our debt to below $40 million and they 
said that is when the power supply would be increased for us.”

“For us to have reduced load-shedding during the holidays, it all depends on 
whether we are able to mobilize the required resources by Friday," said the 

ZESA is owed more that $550 million by customers. Mangoma said 
disconnections of defaulters over the next few days will help raise the 
money needed to reduce the debt with Mozambique.

“What this means is more power disconnections for everyone,” he said.

“Although I cannot disclose the amount we have at the moment, we are also 
going to apply multiple methods to raise the money and Government also has 
to look for other alternatives like loans or where to borrow,” the minister 

Load-shedding could worsen: Mangoma

Load-shedding could worsen: Mangoma

01/04/2012 00:00:00
by Staff Reporter

POWER supply problems could worsen across the country over Easter unless the 
US$76 million debt owed to suppliers in Mozambique is significantly reduced, 
a cabinet minister has warned.

Energy Minister, Elton Mangoma said Zimbabwe needs to reduce its debt to 
under US$40 million by Friday to ensure the current power supply problems do 
not get worse.

“They (Mozambique) agreed to increase power supply once we have made our 
payment. They expecting us to bring our debt to below US$40 million and they 
said that is when the power supply would be increased for us,” Mangoma told 
the state-owned Herald newspaper.

“For us to have reduced load-shedding during the holidays, it all depends on 
whether we are able to mobilise the required resources by Friday.

“If that is not the case, it means the situation would remain the same and 
we will continue with the power outages until we set off what we owe.”

Mangoma said ZESA – which is owed more that US$550 million by customers --  
would step-up disconnections of defaulters over the next few days to help 
raise the money needed to reduce the debt with Mozambique.
“What this means is more power disconnections for everyone,” he said.

“Although I cannot disclose the amount we have at the moment, we are also 
going to apply multiple methods to raise the money and Government also has 
to look for other alternatives like loans or where to borrow.”

Zimbabwe generates 1,300MW of electricity which was way short of the daily 
national requirement of about 2,200 megawatts.
The country has plugged the gap with imports from regional suppliers but 
many have cut back supplies due to payment problems.

The shortages have forced ZESA to ration supplies to both commercial and 
domestic users with some areas going for more than 10 hours per day without 

Zimbabwe shortlists bids for enlarging power plants

Zimbabwe shortlists bids for enlarging power plants

Tue Mar 27, 2012 5:05pm GMT

JOHANNESBURG (Reuters) - Zimbabwe has short-listed eleven bidders for the 
expansion of its Hwange and Kariba South power plants, with a winner 
expected to be announced in the third quarter of this year, its energy 
minister said on Tuesday.

It has been battling power shortages due to growing demand and ageing 
plants, limiting supplies to industry and the key mining sector. Zimbabwe 
produces around 1,000 MW of electricity, compared with peak demand of 2,200 

The extension of the Hwange thermal power station will add 600 megawatts 
(MW) to the Zimbabwean national grid, while the extension of the Kariba 
South hydro plant will add 300 MW.

Elton Mangoma said companies from China, India, South Korea, Italy and 
Brazil were among the shortlisted and the firms have until the first week in 
June to submit a detailed proposal.

"I'm hoping that it will not take more than three months to adjudicate and 
thereafter award the tender. We are hoping that in the fourth quarter we can 
move on the projects," he told Reuters on the sidelines of an African power 
conference in Johannesburg.

Mangoma said additional units at the two plants will be operated in a 
public-partnership between the Zimbabwe government and whoever is chosen to 
build the plants.

The minister said Zimbabwe still owed around $85 million in unpaid power 
imports, mainly to neighbouring Mozambique.

Mangoma said he was meeting Mozambican officials on Thursday to address the 
issue, especially after Mozambique halved its exports to Zimbabwe to 50 MW 
due to the unpaid bills.

The minister said that together with neighbouring Zambia his country had in 
February decided to revive the Batoka Gorge hydroelectric power project, 
estimated to cost $2.5 billion, and expected to supply a total of 1,600 MW 
to the two countries.

The two neighbours will look for an independent power producer to construct 
the plant on a build-operate-transfer basis.

The 1,600 MW, which could later be upscaled to 2,000 MW, would be evenly 
split between the two countries, he said.

Mangoma said the project was in the preliminary stages and it would be too 
early to comment on time lines.

In the meantime, the minister hoped to convince utilities in the region to 
boost trade of electricity during off-peak times to alleviate the most 
pressing shortages.

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