Commercial Farmers Union of Zimbabwe

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Power cuts jolt govt

Power cuts jolt govt


KARIBA — Energy and Power Development minister Dzikamai Mavhaire has threatened to cancel power-generating licences allocated to 12 independent power producers, accusing them of failing to boost electricity supply in the country resulting in persistent power cuts.


Mavhaire, warning that those who, according to him, sabotaged the
Zanu PF election manifesto would face the music, said government would not tolerate companies sitting on power-generating licences while Zimbabweans were living in “total darkness”.

In an interview with NewsDay after touring Kariba Hydropower Station yesterday, Mavhaire said failure by the companies to operate was tantamount to holding the country “to ransom”.

“As the minister, I will not allow people to sit on licences while people are in total darkness. We will cancel all disused licences,” Mavhaire warned. “People used to complain that there is monopoly in power generation. We liberalised and gave them licences, (but) they sit on them. We will not allow a situation whereby people move around brandishing licences as a way of soliciting funds — kukorokoza nemalicence. We give them licences, they don’t implement them. They will lose them.”

Government recently licenced 12 independent power producers, but only six are operational resulting in the country experiencing incessant load-shedding and importing power from the region.

Mavhaire said Zanu PF won the July 31 elections because it promised people to deliver on a lot of things, among them electricity. He said people who sought to sabotage Zanu PF’s election manifesto would face the music.

The ministry, Mavhaire said, would, however, try to establish why some companies were not producing power after getting licences with the understanding that power generation required time in terms of setting up the power production plant.

Mavhaire said load-shedding would continue for some time, while the country improved its power-generating capacity.

Zimbabwe, which currently has a power deficient of over 500 megawatts (MW), according to Mavhaire, would eventually export power to other countries in the region. He implored the energy sector to embrace Zanu PF’s indigenisation programme.

“But I cannot allow the country to go in the dark because there are no indigenous players with the capacity to generate power,” Mavhaire said.

He urged the Zimbabwe Power Company (ZPC) to expeditiously commence the expansion of power generation that would see electricity output at Kariba increase by 300MW in three years.

“The time to talk is over. We want implementation,” he said. Expansion of Kariba Hydropower Station was set to resume next January.

ZPC projects manager Wellington Maphosa said the expansion process, to be complete in three years, would gobble in excess of $350 million.

“The 300MW will go a long way in reducing load-shedding at peak hours,” Maphosa said.

He said China Eximbank had promised to fund the project once a loan agreement was signed.

Sino-Hydro, a Chinese company, won the tender to expand the Kariba power station so that its output increases from 750MW to 1 050MW once the expansion is complete.

Government lethargy on power investment costly

Government lethargy on power investment costly

via Multimedia:Government lethargy on power investment costly by Victoria Mtomba forNewsDay October 10, 2013

THIRTY-THREE years after Zimbabwe attained independence, the country’s power generation capacity remains subdued and the consequences of government’s lethargy in investing in the omnipotent power supply have become too dire to contemplate.

Power outages to end — Minister

Power outages to end — Minister

via Power outages to end — Minister  by Fairness Moyana Sunday News 06 October 2013

THE Minister of Energy and Power Development, Cde Dzikamai Mavhaire, has assured the nation that the excessive load-shedding that is being experienced by electricity consumers is set to ease following the acquisition of spare parts that will be used in the restoration of the country’s two major power stations.

Hwange Power Station (HPS) is currently running on five units with Unit 2 undergoing repair and inspection, translating to power being generated at 445MW instead of 738MW at full throttle. The station, which was commissioned in 1984 and 1987 and is nearing its lifespan of between 25-30 years, has four 120MW Stage one units and two 220MW units.

In an interview with Sunday News on the sidelines of a familiarisation tour of Hwange Power Station last Thursday, Cde Mavhaire said the current situation was attributed to breakdowns at both Hwange and Kariba power stations which the power utility was working on.

The visit by the minister comes in the wake of excessive load-shedding that is being experienced in the country leading to operations in industry and other critical sectors being paralysed due to the prolonged power outages.

“The purpose of this visit is to familiarise ourselves with the operations of the station and appreciate the challenges faced by Zesa in providing electricity to the nation as well as put in place intervention measures. As you may be aware that there is a public outcry over the excessive load-shedding being undertaken by ZPC, however, I would like to assure the nation that the situation is being addressed. Load-shedding is set to ease and we will have a fair share of electricity soon,” said Cde Mavhaire.

The minister said breakdowns at HPS had become commonplace due to the aging equipment being used and since power generation was an expensive exercise, financial constraints in buying spare parts were hampering effective maintenance of the plant.

“As you are aware the plant is now old and in some cases major overhauls need to be carried out to ensure that the units work effectively. This of course requires financial commitment. As Government we are working on making funds available for the plant to undergo serious maintenance,” he said.

Cde Mavhaire said investors from China and India had shown interest in bankrolling power generation projects in the country with major expansion projects earmarked for Hwange and Kariba stations which would result in 600MW and 300MW respectively being added to the national grid.

Briefing the ministerial delegation on the challenges being faced by the utility in providing uninterrupted power supply to the national grid, HPS general manager, Mr Arnold Chivurayise said the current power generation was below installed capacity due to the old plant which resulted in an increase in the number of power trips caused by grid disturbances.

Mr Chivurayise said cash flow constraints in purchasing spares was a major hindrance as suppliers were demanding cash upfront before manufacturing the components required by the company.

“Honourable Minister, we are faced with a difficult situation when it comes to acquisition of spares for our aging plant as most of our suppliers demand cash upfront or half down before manufacturing the required spares. When they are done they hold on to the item until the rest of the money is paid and that has adversely affected the operations of the station,” he said.

Mr Chivurayise said ZPC was set to construct a mini-hydro power station at Gairezi which would produce 30MW while technical surveys were under way on the Batoka Gorge project, a joint venture between Zesco and ZPC which would see 1 600MW being produced.





02 OCTOBER 2013





The country has been going through increased load shedding since the beginning of September 2013. This is coming after the country has experienced a relatively good power supply during witer. This has been achieved by

·        The restoration of all six generating units at Hwange as a result of the rehabilitation program that the Government has been funding since 2010.

·        The increased access to imports following clearing of power import arrears with Hydro Cahora Bassa (HCB) of Mozambique.

·        Demand side management efforts by ZETDC in which 1.1 million compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs or energy savers) were installed on households thereby saving about 63MW.

·        The support from the Southern African Power Pool to assist the country as it held the harmonized elections and the co-hosted UNWTO.


While all the six units at Hwange have since been restored; there are still some works that are needed to be undertaken to increase the output and reliability of the power plant. In addition, all power generation machines need periodic planned maintenance to ensure safe and sustainable operation. This maintenance is normally carried out after the winter peak period with the aim of finishing the maintenance before the following winter period.


·          Causes of Current Power Shortages

·             Planned Outages for Statutory and Rehabilitation Works


At the beginning of September 2013, Zimbabwe Power Company (ZPC) began to take out generating units to implement planned statutory maintenance at Hwange and Kariba power stations. ZPC will also carry out plant upgrade and rehabilitation works during these planned outages.


ZPC has scheduled to carry out the planned outages with durations varying from 3 weeks to 16 weeks on 8 units during the off peak season maintenance window. This means that some unit outages have to overlap.


·             Plant Breakdowns

The aged power infrastructure continues to hinder continuous power supply. The failure, in the early hours of this morning, of Warren 330kV bulk power supply station resulted in

·        Loss of supply to half of Harare affecting part of the Central Business District, Western and Northern suburbs.

·        Tripping of Harare power station that was generating 45MW.

·        This was a once off incident and supplies have since been restored.


·             Limited Imports in Region







Hwange Power Station


4 units in service

Kariba Power Station


4 units in service

Small Thermal Power Stations


Bulawayo and Munyati

Total Internal Generation





HCB only

Contractual Exports


Reduced from 150MW




Forecast Maximum Demand


MD 2200MW during winter peak







·        Inadequate Internal Generation Capacity; even when we dispatch all our assets the power will not be adequate.

·        We are working on rehabilitation and upgrading of our aged and obsolete network infrastructure. This will reduce the frequent breakdowns.

·        Limited import availability as the whole region is short of power.

·        Lack of Energy Efficiency culture and limited use of alternative energy in view of capacity shortfalls (Demand Side Management)

·        Theft and vandalism of power infrastructure;



·             ZPC should complete its maintenance and rehabilitation programme as scheduled.

·             ZETDC will continue to engage regional utilities for additional imports and renew all PPAs timely.

·             Demand Side Management efforts are to continue, ZETDC is resuscitating the ripple control system in Harare and Bulawayo. This will see a saving of 42MW during peak periods in the first quarter of 2014.

·             ZEDTC will accelerate the installation of prepayment meters as these have assisted consumers in managing their energy consumption responsibly in addition to improving cash flow for the utilities.

·             In the face of the current shortages, priority for power supply will focus on the agricultural sector to support winter wheat crop and the tobacco crop.  This is in addition to the essential services that are exempted from load shedding i.e.;

Ø     Major referral hospitals,

Ø     Major water and sewer installations’

Ø     National security establishments,

Ø     Major airports and broadcasting stations,

Ø     Major Central business districts

Ø     Major border posts.




The long term solution to power supply in Zimbabwe lies in the expansion of our generation capacity. The Electricity Act has liberalized the power sector, allowing participation of Independent Power Producers (IPPs) in power generation. The Zimbabwe Energy Regulatory Authority has duly licensed a significant number of IPP projects. The Government shall give these projects all the necessary support.


Hwange (600MW) and Kariba (300MW) Extension

Meanwhile, ZPC is implementing generation expansion projects at Hwange and Kariba power stations. The two projects will see an increase in generation capacity by 900MW in the next four years.


The application for financing of the Kariba power station extension project, by China Exim Bank, is at the final stages of approval and financial closure will be achieved during this quarter.

The Contract for the expansion of Hwange power station was awarded to China Machinery Engineering Corporation (CMEC) of China. ZPC and CMEC are currently holding negotiations.


Batoka Hydro (1600MW)

This project is being implemented by the Zambian and Zimbabwean Governments through the Zambezi River Authority (ZRA). ZRA is in the process of appointing Consultants for updating the feasibility studies for the project.


Other Projects

·          Gairezi Small Hydro (30MW) and other mini hydros.

·          Chisumbanje expansion to 18MW

·          Solar Power Projects (100MW)

·          China Sunlight Africa Thermal power plant (600MW), IPP.

·          Regional Power Project




Given the current situation I call upon all electricity consumers to play their part in reducing electricity demand by using the limited power available conservatively.

·             All non-essential load should be switched off at all times

·             Non-essential lights and office equipment should be switched off overnight.

·             Organisations that can shift their activities to off peak periods should do so.

·             Use gas for cooking.

·             Use solar for water heating.

·             Customers should honour their bills in order to ensure security of supply.



·          We expect the current situation to continue to improve. The breakdowns at Hwange and the transmission have been resolved. The load is expected to improve steadily and reach acceptable levels by the end of October 2013.


·          The current power supply shortage is not as a result of failure to pay for power imports. ZETDC is in good standing with the utilities from which the country imports power.

·          The debt relief that ZESA offered to customers was done after careful consideration in which the financial viability of the power sector was ensured. It was important to give relief to important customer categories, domestic customers and agriculture sector without compromising the viability of the power utilities. This is why the debt relief was only partial.





Power cuts hit industry

Power cuts hit industry | The Herald

via Power cuts hit industry | The Herald October 2, 2013

ZIMBABWE looks set for its worst power situation this year triggered by ongoing annual maintenance of main power stations that have knocked out more than a half of the country’s generation capacity.

The nationwide power cuts are already having severe negative implications on the already squeezed industry and it is now being feared the situation could threaten the survival of struggling firms.

Residents countrywide have not been spared either, with many people enduring full day power cuts and this has forced households, industry and commerce to invest in expensive alternative sources such as generators.

Zesa Holdings generation unit, Zimbabwe Power Company said the maintenance at Kariba and Hwange power stations would only be completed in February 2014. Kariba and Hwange have dependable capacity of 750 megawatts and 700MW respectively, but are currently averaging 500MW and 380 MW.

Imports, mainly from Mozambique are ranging between 50MW and 300MW, depending on the source peak periods. Zimbabwe experienced over 17 percent deficit on its requirements in the eight months to August 2013.

And the current output falls far short of the country’s electricity requirement of 2 200MW at peak periods of demand usually experienced in the morning and evening, which is balanced through load shedding.

Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce president Mr Hlanganiso Matangaidze expressed concern over the increase in loadshedding over the past few weeks saying it was detrimental to industry.

“At the moment only a few companies are operational as most companies closed shop due to operational challenges while capacity utilisation is very low,” he said.

“Increased load shedding is therefore a threat to the survival of those companies and we believe the power utility should at least spare industry from increased load shedding.”

He added that increased load shedding was “suicidal” towards increasing industry’s capacity utilisation.

Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries president Mr Charles Msipa bemoaned the increase in load shedding saying it has forced companies to run on generators for long hours pushing up operational costs.

“It is very bad we are running generators the whole day and this obviously comes with exorbitant operational costs,” he said. CZI is the country’s largest industry lobby group.

Yesterday, the power utility reminded consumers that the current increase in loadshedding, which is outside the published schedule as previously advertised, was due to statutory annual maintenance at Hwange and Kariba Power Stations and some unplanned outages at Hwange.

The crippling power cuts deficit yesterday interrupted the flow of business of some service providers such as the Zimbabwe Revenue Authority and Zimpost.

However, Government is vigorously working on expanding Hwange Thermal Power Station units 7 and 8 and Kariba South Hydro Power Station for an additional 900MW, which is estimated to take up to 42 months. China Machinery and Energy Corporation and Sino Hydro will undertake the expansions.

Power shortages hold up turn-around, say experts

Power shortages hold up turn-around, say experts

via Power shortages hold up turn-around, say experts | The Zimbabwean by Farai Mabeza 02.10.13

Zimbabwe experienced an energy shortfall of almost 18 per cent between January and August this year, making an economic turn-around difficult to forecast, say experts.

“Without changes in the energy sector all the economic reforms that are being touted won’t take off,” Innocent Makwiramiti, an economist, told The Zimbabwean in an interview.

The view was shared by another economist, Eric Bloch, who called for private sector involvement in the energy sector to draw Zimbabwe out of uncertainty.

Bloch said the power sector was in critical condition, far beyond the state sector’s ability to handle alone.

“We have to prioritise (the capacity needs of the Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority) ZESA Holdings. It does not have the necessary capital resources to upgrade and invest in power projects. It has also lost most of its skilled employees,” he said.

“Private sector involvement in alternative power generation is imperative. A country like Zimbabwe should be heavily involved in solar power generation projects because of the abundant sunshine,” he said.

An analysis of the country’s power supply base, published in a report from the Zimbabwe Power Company (ZPC), shows that Kariba remains the main source with 37.28 per cent, followed by Hwange with 28.67 per cent, Munyati at 1.44 per cent, Bulawayo 1.24 per cent, and Harare a mere 0.46 per cent. That left the remaining imported energy at 13.22 per cent of total supplies.

Energy, a key ingredient for business development, is still scarce and Zimbabwe is nowhere near solving its power deficit because of a weak economy and aging plant and machinery.

Proposed power generating projects are at different stages of implementation as the country gropes in the dark for a lasting solution. With 11 projects still on the drawing board, only the Kariba South Extension plan has inched forward and promises 300 megawatts for the national grid. The new Kariba plan, however, requires $400 million to take off.

According to ZPC, the design review of the project is in progress alongside work on the finances. Technical and funding negotiations for the construction of the additional two 300-megawatt generators at Hwange are also said to be underway.

Another long-standing initiative is the Batoka Gorge project for four 200 megawatt power generators in the next six years. This massive scheme along the Zambezi River is projected to cost $2.2bn.

Makwiramiti said the low capacity of the power generation sector made nonsense the possibility of a quick economic recovery. “There is need for investment in projects such as the Batoka Gorge. We should also use energy from the sun,” he said. “There are a lot of projects that can be implemented by the private sector in the form of public private partnerships.”

Work on Batoka Gorge has yet to pass the bidding stages for a comprehensive environmental and social impact assessment and an engineering feasibility study.

Other proposed projects are the Gairezi hydropower station in Nyanga; an extension of the generation life cycle at Hwange; the upgrading of Deka pipeline; repowering schemes at Harare, Munyati and Bulawayo power Stations, and a coal-bed methane project in Matabeleland North.

Zimbabwe recently tendered a $400m solar power project for Gwanda, Plumtree, Munyati and Zvishavane areas as a short-term measure.

Batoka power project on course

Batoka power project on course | The Herald

via Batoka power project on course | The Herald by Sydney Kawadza October 1, 2013

THE construction of the US$3 billion Batoka Gorge Hydroelectricity Scheme is set to start by the end of next year after the completion of the US$2,5 million access road linking Victoria Falls and the Batoka Gorge through Chisuma area.

However, construction of the access road on the Zambian side is still to be competed with only less than 2km left.

The recent completion of the access road to the gorge on the Zimbabwean side would facilitate feasibility studies and designs for the station.

Zimbabwe and Zambia are expected to get 1 600MW from the envisaged project. The scheme would see the construction of a 54-kilometre Batoka Dam upstream of Lake Kariba.

Addressing journalists during a media tour of the Batoka Gorges in Zimbabwe and Zambia recently, Zambezi River Authority spokesperson Ms Elizabeth Karonga said the authority had launched the tendering process for an environmental impact assessment of the project.

“The Zimbabwean and Zambian governments have agreed on the need to set aside their differences emanating from the dispute over payments on the Kariba Dam and we have had a commitment from both President Mugabe and President Sata on the need to expedite the project.”

She said the authority was not expecting challenges from environment and social impediments since the area earmarked for the project was not populated and has minimal animal movement from the site.

“We expect the project to commence at the end of 2014 and the project would take at least seven years to complete.”

ZRA hydrology technician Mr Samuel Mwale said the hydroelectricity project would add significant power to alleviate power shortages in Zimbabwe and Zambia.

“The dam completion would see the generation of  1 600MW, that is 800MW on the Zimbabwean side and similar amount on the Zambian side.

“This would see both countries receiving quite a significant amount of electricity to alleviate power shortages in both countries,” he said.

Mr Mwale said there would be minimum environment and social impact on the communities.

“The dam wall would be about 181 metres in the Batoka Gorges and all the water would be confined in the gorges and this would have minimum impact on the environment and societies,” he said.

ZRA is a corporate body jointly owned by Zimbabwe and Zambia through bilateral agreements to co-manage the shared stretch of the Zambezi River and it has been managing Lake Kariba and its attendant infrastructure to facilitate and support hydropower generation through the country’s power utility companies.

Zambia and Zimbabwe have agreed to expand hydropower infrastructure on the Zambezi River.

The process leading to project implementation is organised under five main areas, namely that preparatory works, tendering process, organising project implementation, approval and awarding of contracts and construction and supervision of physical works.

Rolling power outages plague Zimbabwe

Rolling power outages plague Zimbabwe

via Rolling power outages plague Zimbabwe | SW Radio Africa by Tichaona Sibanda on Tuesday, October 1, 2013

The ongoing spate of power outages in the country has created anger, frustration and much debate as to the nature of these energy cuts.

In the heat of this frustration and anger the ruling ZANU PF government has come in for much criticism for its inability to deliver power to the country.

Lionel Saungweme, our Bulawayo correspondent, told us that while the power utility company ZESA has the responsibility to generate electricity for commercial and residential use, they are not entirely to blame for the current crisis.

Saungweme told our weekly Speak out-Padare program that if anyone is to be blamed it is the government, for failing in their collective responsibility to plan effectively and strategize for electricity provision.

‘If ZANU PF can pay Nikuv $10 million to rig the elections, what stops them from investing the same amount of cash to repair and perform maintenance on existing infrastructure,’ he said.

The problem is however not new. The country’s power supply has been stagnant since independence. In the last three decades there was no investment in electricity supply, despite surging demand.

Saungweme said the recent unprecedented outages have paralysed social and economic activities in most parts of the country.

‘Recently I travelled from Harare to Bulawayo and the towns and cities were in darkness due to total power cuts, a situation which has affected the livelihood of the residents, who now rely on generators for homes and businesses.

‘The constant power cuts have brought untold hardships to many people, especially in urban areas. Currently, lack of electricity supply is one major crisis facing the country and it seems the government is clueless to rectify the crisis,’ Saungweme added.

Zim faces power deficit | The Herald

Zim faces power deficit | The Herald

via Zim faces power deficit | The Herald by Golden Sibanda September 30, 2013

ZIMBABWE experienced a 17,69 percent deficit on its total domestic and commercial electricity requirements during the eight months to August 2013, official industry data has shown.The magnitude implies that industry and households have had to contend with the cost and inconvenience arising from rolling power cuts that the national power utility Zesa Holdings is using to balance available power supplies.

In an effort to balance demand and power supply Zesa Holdings has resorted to alternated load shedding throughout the country during peak demand period usually in the morning and in the evening.

Zimbabwe Power Company assistant corporate executive Mr Douglas Chingoka told the Zimbabwe Mining and Infrastructure Indaba last week that reliable generation capacity stands at a mere 1 320 megawatts. ZPC is a subsidiary of Zesa Holdings.

While the annual mining indaba initially focused on mining issues it is now incorporating infrastructure issues, which include power because Zimbabwe and the continent face huge challenges in this respect.

Local generation capacity falls far short of the demand of 2 200MW, which also stands way above installed capacity of just above 1 900MW as new power generation projects take time to complete.

Zimbabwe imported 13,22 percent of the total electricity consumed in the country between January and August this year while 37,2 percent was generated in Kariba, 28,6 percent at Hwange Thermal Power Station, 1,44 percent at Munyati, 1,24 percent in Bulawayo and 0,46 percent in Harare.

“Zimbabwe is plagued by a shortage of power. Reliable capacity is of the order of 1 320 megawatts against a demand of about 2 200 megawatts. There is need for investments to be made in order to increase the amount of reliable capacity,” Mr Chingoka told the indaba.

The grim scenario points to the urgent need to start working on implementation of all power projects on the cards without delay as current shortages are constraining economic recovery.

Companies in the mining and other sectors of the economy have had to either invest in expensive diesel power generators or pay in advanced for ring-fenced import direct power supplies.  While this has been heavy on the pocket, those with weak balance sheets to make such high cost alternative arrangements have had to contend with the inconveniences of load shedding.

For its part ZPC is working on the extensions of Hwange Thermal Power Station Units 6 and 7 for an additional 600MW and Kariba South hydropower station for another 300MW.

Sino Hydro will expand Kariba South at an estimated cost of US$400 million and the project is now at design review stage being done parallel to financial closure for the project.

China Machinery and Energy Corporation won the tender to expand the Hwange Units 6 and 7 and the parties to the deal are currently engaged in technical and funding negotiations.

The two projects remain the biggest most likely to get underway by early next year and it is anticipated that expansion of Kariba will take 40 months while Hwange will take 42 months.

There are several other projects being pursued by independent power producers across the country, but most of the projects have taken far too long to complete amid acute funding constraints.

While Zimbabwe faces suffocating power deficits, it has vast energy sources at its disposal to raise the generation capacity, which only needs to be tapped, but capital is the biggest problem.

The increase in capacity has to be done at an affordable price and these include coal (thermal power stations), coal bed methane (thermal power stations), hydro-power and solar energy.

Chinese firm scales up Zim power project

Chinese firm scales up Zim power project

HARARE - China Africa Sunlight Energy Limited (CASE) says it is now considering building a 600 megawatt (MW) thermal power plant in the northern part of Zimbabwe from the initially planned 120 MW.

The Asian group, intending to invest approximately $2,1 billion in the southern African country’s energy sector, has since engaged the Zimbabwe Energy Regulatory Authority (Zera) on their plans to build a bigger plant after concluding exploration activities in Gwayi.

“CASE is seeking to amend the licence to an increased generating capacity of 2x300MW,” said the company in a statement yesterday.

The application for amendment of the licence by CASE is done and is terms of sub-section (1) (b) of section 49 of the Electricity Act (Chapter 13: 19) of 2002.

CASE — a joint venture between Old Stone Investments of Zimbabwe and Shandong Taishan Sunlight — recently indicated plans to invest as much as $2,1 billion to develop coal mines and build a 2 100 MW coal fired power station in Zimbabwe.

The energy firm said it will start with capacity to produce 300 MW by mid-2015 and raise this to 600 MW by the end of that year.

CASE has spent $20 million on exploration, and was granted rights to look for coal and coal-bed methane in the area in October 2012.

The southern African nation has a huge power deficit, and imports 35 percent of its national requirements from its neighbours.

Due to lack of funds, and a general power deficit in southern Africa, the country experiences constraints with imported power, resulting in electricity rationing to consumers. Zimbabwe domestically generates around 1 200 MW, against a 2 100 MW demand.

The country has coal resources of 10 billion to 15 billion tonnes, according to government estimates.

CASE, which recently received a certificate to carry out a full Environmental Impact Assessment for the construction of a power generation plant, plans to sell some of its electricity to Zesa, the State-owned power-generation company.

Its coal exploration area, in Gwayi in the western Matabeleland region, has four billion tonnes of resources and CASE is conducting studies to measure how much gas is available, with the results to be known in three months.

“If they discover gas, the way we think they are going to, we want to export the gas overseas to India in partnership with Discovery Investments,” said Charles Mugari,  CASE’s general manager.

Mugari noted that depending on the outcome of the gas study, the company wants to start a programme piloting methane gas for domestic gas in Hwange, also in Matabeleland, and extend this to Bulawayo, the second-biggest city, if successful.

“CASE is looking at the possibility of pumping gas to the port city of Beira in neighbouring Mozambique, using an idle pipeline that the National Oil Company of Zimbabwe once used to bring fuel into the country,” he said.

ZESA bows down to political pressure on debt relief

ZESA bows down to political pressure on debt relief

via ZESA bows down to political pressure on debt relief | SW Radio Africa by Nomalanga Moyo 11 September 2013

The Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority has finally bowed down to political pressure and cancelled utility debts amounting to $170 million. The power utility company is owed in excess of $600 million by ratepayers.

But according to a statement issued Tuesday, ZESA will be writing off $80 million from the total debt owed by the farming community.

For domestic users $90 million will be taken off their combined bill, which translates to $160 per household, according to the figures given by ZESA.

ZESA said: “The debt relief to customers was devised after extensive consultations with farmers’ representatives and other stakeholders as a way of contributing to the general economic recovery and success of the agrarian reform in anticipation of the new planting season.”

The energy supplier said the adjustments will be reflected on customers’ October bills, with prepaid meter customers getting electricity units equivalent to $160.

However, ratepayers are not convinced this move is for their benefit.

Combined Harare Residents association chairperson Simbarashe Moyo said it was clear that this was a political move meant to benefit politicians.

“We are surprised by what the government is doing. First it was water bills, now electricity. This is happening at a time when residents have been contributing significantly to the reduction of their debts to ZESA through a plan that is already in place.

“For us the benefit to residents is nothing compared to what the politicians, farmers and businesses stand to gain. These are the people who since 2000 have been consuming electricity without paying and owe ZESA huge amounts,” Moyo said.

Moyo further criticised politicians for sending out a wrong message through the debt relief schemes: “What this essentially tells ratepayers is that if you don’t pay and five years lapse you can have your bill written off by politicians.”

Moyo said residents were also concerned that as a result of the debt cancellation measure, ZESA may fail to service its own debt to energy suppliers such as Eskom of South Africa.

“We will be hoping that the government has also put in place plans to take care of what ZESA owes its own suppliers as well as banks – otherwise this is a recipe for disaster which will see 24-hour blackouts,” he added.

On Wednesday morning, Harare’s central business district was without electricity.

Last month outgoing Energy Minister Elton Mangoma warned that ZESA would be thrown into financial difficulties if the forced debt relief, driven by ZANU PF deputy leader Joice Mujuru, went ahead.

Mangoma said ZESA was running a breakeven tariff regime, and unless ZESA gets paid for services rendered, it will collapse.

Even before ZESA announced the debt relief, reports suggest that it was already experiencing cash-flow problems as ratepayers withheld payments in anticipation of the government directive.

SW Radio Africa correspondent Simon Muchemwa said despite ZANU PF spinning the debt relief as a philanthropic move aimed at the majority of struggling Zimbabweans, it was party loyalists and senior officials who were the winners.

“They are the real beneficiaries as they own most of these farms and businesses,” Muchemwa said.

Zesa warns of more load shedding

Zesa warns of more load shedding

via Zesa warns of more load shedding | The Herald by Innocent Ruwende

ZESA Holdings has warned Zimbabweans to brace for increased load shedding outside the published schedule as the Hydro Cabora Bassa (HCB) is undertaking maintenance on its plant.In a statement yesterday, Zesa said during this period, a total of about 250MW will be lost to the national grid as imports decrease from 300MW to around 50MW

“The Hydro Cahorra Bassa (HCB) is undertaking maintenance on its plant from the 31st of August 2013 to the 9th of September 2013.

“Customers are also advised that the Zimbabwe Power Company (ZPC) will also be undertaking statutory maintenance this summer from the 9th of September 2013, and this will lead to a decline in local generation output,” read the statement.

The authority said efforts were being made to alleviate the situation by way of imports where available.

“Customers will be updated of developments as the maintenance progresses, and in the meantime, are urged to use the available electricity very sparingly to minimise the effects and extent of load shedding.”

Last year Zesa Holdings paid US$10 million debt to Hydro Cabora Bassa and the Mozambican company agreed to ensure uninterrupted power supply if Zimbabwe reduced its debt to below US$40 million.

Zimbabwe requires about 2 200 megawatts daily, but generates only 1 300MW.

China-backed firm plans 600 MW Zimbabwe electricity plant

China-backed firm plans 600 MW Zimbabwe electricity plant

via China-backed firm plans 600 MW Zimbabwe electricity plant – Times LIVE

Chinese-backed China Africa Sunlight Energy said it will begin work early next year on a 600 MW coal-fired electricity plant in western Zimbabwe, part of $2 billion of energy projects in the power-starved southern African country.

The company, a 50-50 joint venture between China’s Shandong Taishan Sunlight and locally owned Old Stone Investments, has concluded coal exploration in Gwayi, near Zimbabwe’s second city of Bulawayo, and mining will start in November.

Charles Mugari, general manager of China Africa Sunlight Energy, told Reuters on Wednesday the company had discovered 4 billion tonnes of coal reserves after exploration and would mine at a rate of 2.5 million tonnes a year.

“Early next year we will start the construction of the 600 megawatt power station and hope that by mid-2015 the first plant of 300 megawatt will be running,” Mugari said, adding the final 300 MW plant would be commissioned at the end of 2015.

Zimbabwe has a peak electricity demand of 2 100 MW but is able to produce only 1 200 MW, with another 300 MW coming from imports, mainly from neighbouring Mozambique.

The country’s state power company ZESA warned consumers on Wednesday that electricity cuts would deepen as imports will fall to 50 MW from next week, when Mozambique’s Hydro Cahorra Bassa plant starts annual maintenance.

ZESA will also start maintenance of its local generating plants next week, worsening the electricity shortages.

China is speeding ahead with projects worth tens of billions of dollars to electrify Africa.

Mugari said his company was also exploring for methane gas in Gwayi, which it would use for domestic consumption and electricity generation.

Nation to Grapple With Power Cuts for the Next Five Years

Nation to Grapple With Power Cuts for the Next Five Years

via – Zimbabwe: Nation to Grapple With Power Cuts for the Next Five Years

ZIMBABWEANS will have to grapple with power cuts for the next five years, until the country completes new generation projects subject to availability of funding, the power generating parastatal said last week.

This comes at a time the power utility, Zesa, has intensified load-shedding as generation capacity is way behind the rising demand, knocking off the wheels of industrial revival.

In an update last week, Zesa’s subsidiary, the Zimbabwe Power Company (ZPC), said the current total generation capacity of 1 530MW was inadequate to meet a demand of around 2 200MW.

ZPC generates electricity at its five power stations located in Kariba, Hwange, Munyati, Bulawayo and Hwange. The quintet has a combined installed capacity of 1 960MW. ZPC said the power generation gap could be closed by new projects, which can only be completed in four years’ time, once funding has been secured. The power utility has been closing the gap through load-shedding and imports from regional utilities.

“However, because of severe electricity shortages in the region, we cannot import more and ZPC power output will only increase after the generation expansion projects have been completed by 2018 subject to availability of funding,” it said.

ZPC said it was facing challenges in raising adequate capital needed to maintain the existing plant, as well as building more capacity. ZPC said it was working on electricity generation projects to close the gap between demand and supply, through ensuring that the existing plants operate at installed capacities and expanding Kariba and Hwange power stations to add 900MW.

Only the hydro project at Kariba is operating at installed capacity. Hwange Power Station is operating at 70% of its capacity. The situation is dire for the smaller thermal stations in Munyati, Bulawayo and Harare whose capacities range from 20% to 33%.

The expansion of Hwange and Kariba will cost an upward of US$1,6 billion.

In December, ZPC and Chinese firm, Sino Hydro, signed a contract for the engineering, procurement and construction of two units of 150MW each at Kariba South Power Station. The cost is US$354 million.

“Financial closure is expected to be reached by the end of September and the construction period of the project from the date of commencement is approximately 40 months,” ZPC said.

It said, the addition of two units at Hwange Power Station would generate 600MW, adding that construction would take four years from the date of financial closure.

Next step: Batoka Dam

Next step: Batoka Dam

via VictoriaFalls24 – Next step: Batoka Dam

Zimbabwe pays US$40M Kariba debt, paving way for Batoka Dam

The Zimbabwe Government has paid US$40 million towards its Federation-era power debt to Zambia, paving the way for construction of the Batoka Gorge hydro power station. The payment was made through power utility ZESA, which is wholly-owned by government.

The debt was for the shared cost of the Kariba Dam construction and the associated infrastructure. It also included proceeds of the sale of assets belonging to Central African Power Corporation (CAPCO), a power firm jointly owned by the two countries as members of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland which was dissolved in 1963. CAPCO was running the Kariba power project for the two countries but was disbanded in 1987.

ZESA spokesperson, Fullard Gwasira, confirmed the development last week saying the debt payment would help pave the way towards the construction of the Batoka Gorge hydro power station. He also indicated that the debt balance would be paid within the next seven months.

“We have already paid US$40 million to Zambia as part settlement of the US$70,8 million debt,” Gwasira said. “The balance will be cleared on or before March 2014 as we have total commitment to our side of the bargain to ensure that we have a clean bill with our Zambian counterparts. ZESA Holdings has rendered its cooperation to its Zambian counterparts, a move that will go a long way to ensure the smooth execution of the Batoka Hydro power project to achieve security of electricity supply.”

Zimbabwe and Zambia last year signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to jointly construct the Batoka hydro electric project with each country expected to get 800MW of electricity from the project, a development which would help boost power supply in the two countries.

The agreement on the project, situated about 50km downstream of Victoria Falls on the Zambezi River, was however dependent on Zimbabwe’s commitment to pay off the debt it owed Zambia over CAPCO.

The Batoka project, estimated to cost about US$3 billion is expected to be built and operated by a private company for a period of years before transferring ownership to the two states.

Fast facts about Kariba Debt:

- Zimbabwe Government paid money towards its Federation-era power debt to Zambia US$40 million

- Remaining debt US$30,8 million

- Looking to clear the rest of the debt by March 2014

Batoka Hydro Electric Project: 800MW of electricity

Batoka Gorge Project location: 50km downstream from Victoria Falls

Cost of Batoka Project: US$3 billion

Recently the State Procurement Board awarded tenders to China Machinery Engineering Company and Sino Hydro Corporation to expand Hwange and Kariba power stations respectively. The expansion of Hwange will see the additional of two units with a combined generation capacity of 600MW while the expansion of Kariba Power station will add 300MW of electricity to the national grid. Zimbabwe has also embarked on the refurbishment of its power stations to boost generation capacity.


By: Pete Roberts


Registration of standby +100KVA generators

Registration of standby +100KVA generators

Zimbabwe Energy Regulatory Authority (ZERA) advises as follows:

Registration is free. However, inspection of the generator costs US50.00 (see page 703 of the attached Instrument - not)

·         Theregulation is governed by Statutory Instrument 103 of 2008 (attached - not)

·         The purpose of the registration is to establish a database of the generators to facilitate for safety compliance checks which will follow.

Should you need any further clarification, do not hesitate to contact us. Attached are the application forms.

See also the attached advertisement.


Kind regards







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Promoting value and growth

ZESA seeks partners for US$90m project

ZESA seeks partners for US$90m project

26/06/2013 00:00:00
     by NewZiana

THE Zimbabwe Power Company (ZPC), a wholly owned subsidiary of Zesa 
Holdings, has said it is in talks with investors to fund the construction of 
the Gairezi Mini Hydro-electric power station.

The project, to be located on the Gairezi River in Nyanga in Manicaland 
Province, will involve the construction of a power station with a projected 
capacity of 30 megawatts (MW).

It envisages harnessing the hydro-power potential of the river by 
constructing a diversified dam across Gairezi River. A feasibility study has 
been concluded and it is projected that about US$90 million will be required 
to complete the project.

ZPC chairman Victor Gapare told New Ziana Tuesday: "Funding for the project 
has not yet been secured, but we are engaging potential investors. We will 
advise when we reach financial closure."

Sources at the power company say Chinese and Indian firms are being targeted 
to fund the project.
Once funding is secured, the project is expected to take approximately 36 
months to complete the engineering phase, which involves generation 
specifications, tendering for engineering, procurement and construction 
contractor and conducting an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA).

Gapare said the EIA for the project was nearing conclusion.

"The EIA is being finalised and the next stage is to carry out a 
geo-technical survey of the area," he said.

ZPC has appointed Ascon Africa Environmental Consultants to conduct the EIA.

Gapare said work at the project site was expected to start in 2014.
The country is experiencing huge power deficits which have impacted 
negatively on industrial performance with the country generating an average 
of about 1,200 MW out of a national requirement of around 2,200 MW.

NamPower in the dark over Zesa deal

NamPower in the dark over Zesa deal

on May 24, 2013 at 8:36 pm

By Nyasha Francis Nyaungwa

WINDHOEK – Confusion surrounds the extension of the controversial power 
purchase agreement between NamPower and Zimbabwean power utility, ZESA.

NamPower MD, Paulinus Shilamba announced this week that a 2007 power 
purchase agreement signed between the two power utilities which was coming 
to an end in October this year, has been extended by another year to the end 
of 2014.

Shilamba’s announcement come days after the Zimbabwean Energy minister, 
Elton Mangoma was quoted in a Zimbabwean weekly, the Independent saying the 
agreement, which was initially scheduled to end last year, will be 
terminated in October this year and will reduce that country’s power deficit 
understood to be around 800MW.

Mangoma was quoted as saying: “The power purchase agreement is for 150MW so 
you can see it’s a lot of power which when that contract terminates we will 
be able to have another 100 to 150MW supplied to the country.

“What they (NamPower) have done is to ask us to sign a power purchase 
agreement which is a lot more than the amount that they have given us. For 
instance, we have got a contract that says we should be able to export power 
which sometimes is in the region of US$4 to US$5 million a month to them.

“As you can see if we were just repaying with electricity we could have just 
taken ten months or one year and finished it, but they instead actually pay 
us for that electricity or a portion of it until the end of the power 
purchase agreement which is in October.”

Briefing journalists on the electricity supply situation in the country on 
Tuesday, the NamPower MD declined to give details of the new deal citing 
confidentiality agreements between the two parties.

In 2007 NamPower entered into a power purchase agreement with Zimbabwean 
power utility in which NamPower injected US$40 million into the 
rehabilitation of the Hwange thermal power station in return for 150 
megawatts of power for five years.

An outcry in both countries over the rationality of the agreement had 
threatened the agreement and any future renewals.

In fact in 2010, the then Zimbabwean Energy Minister, Elias Mudzuri said 
that Zimbabwe should stop exporting electricity to Namibia until the Hwange 
Power Station was producing enough electricity. Namibia Economist

Ten years in jail for stealing Zesa transformer oil

Ten years in jail for stealing Zesa transformer oil

May 19, 2013 in Local, News

CHIPINGE — Two notorious oil dealers, who have been wreaking havoc in and 
around Chipinge draining electricity transformer oil, finally met their fate 
last week when they were jailed for an effective 10 years.


The duo, Michael Mudzamiri and Phillip Mandizvidza appeared before Chipinge 
magistrate Makamera Waini facing charges of contravening Section 6 of the 
Electricity Act.

The State led by prosecutor Thembalami Dhliwayo heard that on April 2, the 
two drained 110 litres of oil from a Zesa 33kv transformer near Gaza in 
Chipinge. This act resulted in a major power blackout in the area on the day 
in question.

Testifying in court, police detective constable Fanuel Nyamutsa, told the 
court that the accused persons voluntarily led them to the transformer and 
even demonstrated how they drained the oil.

He further revealed that the accused showed them the other five 
transformers, which they successfully drained without being apprehended by 
the police. However, in their defence both the accused persons denied the 
charges and told the court that they admitted to the offence after police 
officers assaulted them.

But magistrate, Waini, threw away their defence saying no medical report was 
ever produced as evidence to buttress their allegations and convicted the 
two due to overwhelming evidence.

Vandalism of Zesa equipment is on the surge in Manicaland province.

This has been attributed to the high unemployment rate in the country and 
high demand of copper cables in neighbouring countries such as Mozambique 
and South Africa where prices are reported to be lucrative.

Zimbabwe to pay off Nampower $40m debt

Zimbabwe to pay off Nampower $40m debt

May 17, 2013 in Business

ZIMBABWE is expected to have more than 100 megawatts (MW) additional power 
on its supply grid by November this year after Zesa Holdings (Zesa) has 
expunged a US$40 million debt owed to Namibian state-owned electricity 
company NamPower, Energy minister Elton Mangoma said.

Report by Taurai Mangudhla

The US$40 million is in respect of a February 2007 deal in which NamPower 
gave Zesa a loan to refurbish its Hwange Thermal Power Station.

Zesa was to repay the debt by exporting 100MW during peak periods and 150MW 
off peak to Namibia daily for five years given Zimbabwe’s then 
hyperinflationary environment and lack of foreign currency.

“The power purchase agreement is for 150MW so you can see it’s a lot of 
power which when that contract terminates we will be able to have another 
100 to 150MW supplied to the country,” Mangoma said.
The 150MW is expected to reduce the country’s power deficit which currently 
stands around 800MW.

Mangoma said Zesa was currently supplying NamPower with electricity worth 
between US$4 to US$5 million each month.

“What they have done is to ask us to sign a power purchase agreement which 
is a lot more than the amount that they have given us, for instance, we have 
got a contract that says we should be able to export power which sometimes 
is in the region of US$4 to US$5 million a month to them,” he said.

“As you can see if we were just repaying with electricity we could have just 
taken ten months or one year and finished it, but they instead actually pay 
us for that electricity or a portion of it until the end of the power 
purchase agreement which is in October.”

Zimbabwe’s power purchase agreement with Namibia was expected to be fully 
met last year, but it was extended for another year after the country failed 
to honour the agreement on account of persistent power generation 

In September last year, Mangoma announced Zimbabwe would continue supplying 
Namibia with electricity until it clears the debt.

Mangoma statement on power generation

Mangoma statement on power generation

on May 4, 2013 at 6:38 am

Press statement by Elton Mangoma, the Minister of Energy and Power 
Development on initiatives to boost the power situation

In view of the current challenges besetting the efficient supply of power 
nationwide and the need to enhance the financial position of the electricity 
utilities, the Ministry of Energy and Power Development has come up with a 
number strategies to mitigate the power situation in the country.

The measures being taken are divided into Generation capacity and supply 
side activities, Demand Side Management and Institutional changes. The 
supply side is further split into short, medium and long term measures.

The strategies include;


The generation capacity of the Hwange Power Station has improved 
significantly with an average of five units (580MW). This has allowed the 
Zimbabwe Power Company (ZPC) to carry out upgrade works and preventive 
maintenance at the Kariba Power Station without causing major power 
shortfall to the system. The Kariba Power Station has continued to maintain 
a steady power generation.


The smart/prepayment metering is a valuable short term strategy which seeks 
to improve revenue collection by the utility and influence behaviour change 
on how consumers use electricity. The system also assists ZETDC to recover 
accrued debts by deducting 20 percent on every electricity purchase going 
towards servicing the debt, among other benefits.

As of yesterday, a total of 150 000 prepayment meters had been installed for 
both domestic and commercial users. Government issued a Statutory Instrument 
44A on Electricity (unpaid bills, prepaid meters and smart meters) 
regulations, 2013 which aims, among other things, to speed up the 
implementation of the prepaid/ smart metering programme.

The Statutory Instrument compels all electricity consumers to purchase and 
install smart meters with the exception of high density customers, rural 
customers and light load agricultural customers. The Statutory Instrument 
also deals with outstanding bills on the date on which the prepaid meter is 
installed as these will be transferred to the property at which the prepaid 
meter is installed.

In order to ensure efficiency, ZETDC this week commissioned a new Vending 
Platform supplied by Itron of South Africa. The new Platform can accommodate 
both smart and prepaid meters.

Medium Term Power Generation

• KARIBA SOUTH EXPANSION – The Zimbabwe Power Company (ZPC) and Sinohydro 
have concluded negotiations for the 300MW Kariba South Expansion Project. As 
a result, Sinohydro has commenced work at the site.

• HWANGE POWER STATION – adjudication process for the 600MW Hwange Expansion 
Project has been completed and the project was awarded to CMEC. Work is 
expected to commence before the end of the year.

• 84MW DIESEL GENERATOR – A diesel plant (84MW) that has operated for 
100hours has been identified at a capital cost of €37 million. This about 
50% of the cost of new plant. The ZPC has made a technical analysis and that 
diesel generators are suitable for our system and have the capacity of 
reducing load shedding by 80MW.

• 30 MW GAIREZI SMALL HYDRO POWER PLANT – The project is now at design stage 
following completion of feasibility studies and official launch is expected 
this month.

• 500MW CBM POWER STATION- ZPC has also floated a tender for resource 
mapping of coal bed methane. The tender was awarded to WAPCOS of India and 
it is ready to carry out the work. However, ZPC is awaiting CBM special 
grants documentation from the Ministry of Mines and Mining Development.

Instead there are two grants awarded to one company Shangani Energy and 
another to China Africa Sunlight by the mines ministry. The grants are 
overlapping with the desired ZPC concession area. These concessions were 
granted after Cabinet granted ZPC concession but the Mines and Mining 
Development ministry is refusing to effect Cabinet decision.

• 1000MW WESTERN AREA POWER STATION – China Railway International (CRI) and 
China International Fund (CFI) have signed a Memoranda of Understanding 
(MoUs) with the government to develop a 1000MW thermal plants.

China Railway International came for site investigation in December 2012 and 
has submitted a draft contract for the project development. The finalisation 
of reinstating the Western Area coal concession to the ZPC by the Ministry 
of Mines is important. Again the Ministry of Mines and Mining Development is 
not cooperating, causing a delay in the commencement of this project.

• 100MW ON-GRID SOLAR POWER – Some suitable sites for the 100MW solar power 
plant are being identified. The ZPC has engaged the Plumtree Town Council 
for land to construct the power station. A tender for the 100MW power plant 
is expected to be floated soon. The tender will cover BOT, IPP, PPP and pure 
debt basis.


• THE BATOKA HYDRO ELECTRIC POWER PROJECT –Zambia and Zimbabwe have agreed 
to undertake this project on a BOT basis. This was after Zimbabwe agreed to 
honour the EXCAPCO assets debt of $70.8 million. So far a total of US$40 
million has been paid towards the US$70, 8 million. The Zambezi River 
Authority called for Expressions of Interest to develop the Batoka on a 
Build Operate and Transfer basis. The response was extremely good -25 
companies showed interest and the majority from credible international 

• THE GREAT INGA HYDRO PROJECT – is proposed on the Congo River in the DRC. 
This can produce around 100 000MW. This project is too big for the DRC and 
requires a regional approach. If this is constructed it will change the 
economic fortunes of the region. Hydro power is cheap and it is worth the 
time spent on promoting it.


• RESTRUCTURING OF THE POWER SECTOR – The restructuring of ZESA Holdings has 
been approved by Cabinet. This is to make ZESA more efficient and responsive 
to the consumers, whilst at the same time, setting up a mechanism to make it 
easy for Independent Power Producers to have a level playing field.

These developments will result in the following.

• ZESA Holdings be collapsed into a National Grid Services Company (NGSC) 
and move all the legacy debts to this company. It will be 100% Government 
owned and it will not be privatised. NGSC will be responsible for 
Transmission, Market and Systems Operation. It will have the “reserve 
 supply” responsibility.

• ZETDC will transfer the transmission functions to NGSC and transform to 
Zimbabwe Distribution Company (ZEDC) and be responsible for Distribution of 

• SUMMARY – Measures to consolidate the power availability and reliability 
will continue. Such measures will include taking out plant for preventive 
routine maintenance and equipment upgrade. Negotiations for firm power 
imports from the region will be pursued by both Government and the power 

The implementation of all power projects continue to be a critical success 
factor for securing self-sufficiency and reliability in power supply to the 
nation. To this end the Ministry is continuously evaluating project risks 
and working on mitigatory measures to ensure the projects are realised.

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